In the TVS, we have an alternating voltage fluctuations.
If there is a threshold device, such as a discharger. Then the positive charges pumped from the ground through the diodes.
At first, through a one diode, and then through the other. That is , the capacity of the secondary winding of the TVS accumulates positive charges. Ago, they are not, therefore, charged capacitor
Instead of Smith spark gap, you can put a small reactor, 100-200 mh.
And resistor can be placed - the same will work.
The usual gap works fine, but it quickly breaks down.
Vacuum spark gaps are working properly. The voltage - around 1000 volts.
The spark gap can be eliminated, but with a spark gap charges pumped from the ground better.
It turns out something like a fork Avramenko.
The coil TVS acting on the ground with help of the potentials.
This secondary winding, according to Smith, decompose the dipole pair.
As Smith explained, the upper plate of the capacitor high voltage HV.
Come from the land of the charges through a one diode, and go through a second diode, or a spark gap.
The same thing happens here.
The potential of the land goes to the secondary winding, and its internal capacity, this potential accumulate. Diodes is desirable to use high quality with low capacitance. Smith, for example, used a diode with a capacity of 4 pF.
Scheme inclusion the inductor with capacitor can be consistent, and parallel.
We write - a threshold device.
This may be a resistor of about 100 ohms, or a small choking coil. They can work as a threshold device.
At this point, the pumping scheme will look like this and I think that it will not change.
The second coil - full analogue of the first coil.
For the time delay we have applied choking coil.
Capacitor - Electrolytic.
The spark gap, an isolation transformer.
In parallel, the primary winding, that there was no reverse current, put a high voltage diode - 6 kV, 20-50 A
As applied to the diode bridge three diode included as diodes.
Three of these bridges in the diode-connected withstand voltage of 6 kV.
Polarity: discharger is included in plus the wire, as and for the first spark gap . Why?
Here we have a separation of electrons.
From the air out of the ground, we collect them.
We minuses pushed into the ground, they are with ordinary electrons do not react.
Pros accumulated in a capacitor.
Ground wire is full of minuses, and the earth - this is expansion tank.
We push these minuses in the ground, and then they return back to - the buffer, so to speak.
If you include the gap in the chain of earthen, and the upper end of the transformer to include a plus, the primary winding of the wire will get warm, and the efficiency falls.
At the top turn spark gap to the primary winding can take wires of 0.5-1.0 mm.
The wires are cold.
The meaning of the following: charges are separated by ...
Here's a barrel of water. We include an electrolyzer, and decompose water into hydrogen and oxygen.
Hydrogen is run through a turbine, which makes a rotational movement, and does the job.
Furthermore, the hydrogen comes from the turbine, and here we burn.
If we decompose the water, then the synthesis of hydrogen and oxygen again obtain water.
The same thing happens in our scheme.
If we have received for the account of cosmic radiation, the splitting of the electron-positron pair, then if you put them in the discharger, in a transistor, no matter what, they would leave only the radiation.
But the question is that the magnetic component will pass through the winding of the transformer, and will give, or rather, will induction a strong magnetic field in the secondary coil.
There is the late grandfather Smith's another explanation.
He said that if you include the 2 battery back to back, say one to 30 volts, and the other at 10 volts.
The 30-volt battery passing 10-volt, t e electrons resist each other. They do not like , roughly speaking, each other
The same thing happens in an ordinary transformer.
Current of secondary winding resists the flow of current in the primary. Back EMF.
But the question in the following: if we are in the primary winding of the launch of the negative particle ion-electrons, the interaction between the primary and secondary windings is absent.
Due to this we get a huge load-carrying capacity of the secondary winding, practically without changing the inductance of the primary winding, well, may be changed, by 10-20%..
Generally, the minimum load impedance must kill the inductance and the frequency is changed.
But this does not happen because the primary current flows of another kind, which is not affected by the current of the secondary winding.
That is, a small number of electrons in the primary, you can bring a large number of electrons in the secondary winding.
The thicker the wire of the secondary, the more excited electrons.
The mass of the secondary electrons does not depend on the mass of the primary electrons.
The diameter of the secondary winding is not limited.
For example, if you take 110 mm. tube for the secondary, then the velocity of the electrons on the winding will be the same as for winding the wire diameter of 1 mm 2.
Because it does not return back to the resistance.
The magnetic field of the secondary does not interact with the magnetic field of the primary.
However, the primary magnetic field accelerates the electrons in the secondary winding, ie, obtained such an asymmetric transformation.
Naturally, here need a very good insulation.
Roughly speaking, if there will be a small hole, then vaporous electrons primary winding will be held in the secondary winding, and squeeze heavy electrons of the secondary winding of the land.
So there must be an anti-static screen in the form of a coil, or aluminum foil that is connected to ground.
So all the pluses should to go into the ground.
If you want the output transformer is grounded, then ground it through a resistor to another location, 10 meters from the ground first. Or ground is in place, but ....
and it shall carry on the ground 10-30 meter, the farther the better.
In principle, the contour of the first two groundings can be considered an isolated capacity.
That is, roughly speaking, as I call it a joke, a basin, but in fact this is the machine frame, and the like
All or questions in what, in the ratio, of course.
Primary winding to secondary winding - 1:4, but there is good advice.
In other words, here is terminals the secondary winding.
Accurately measure the total length of the secondary winding and the primary winding to take exactly a quarter of the length of the secondary winding.
The connecting wires are not considered, and it is better to make them thinner.
If, for example, the primary wire 8 mm 2, here, take 2.5mm 2.
Immediately increase the oscillation amplitude at resonance. Why?
Because the change in impedance at the nodes, ie with increasing thickness of the wire impedance is reduced.
This is reflected in the antinodes, and the primary a standing wave.
If you remember, Smith, go cable, and they are joined by a thin tip, and he planted at the terminal.
The thin tip, of a point of reflection of the wave.
Secondary winding varies on the LC resonance, the inductor on the wave resonance.
In fact, there is formed the Tesla transformer, ie voltage, current.
If you noticed, even in a greenbox Kapanadze, thick pipe and thin wires go to the gap from the pipe.
Changing the impedance. That's it!
That's up efficiency, and the spark gap works better.
It is an ideal, if you use a vacuum spark gap.
Alas, our spark gap not give, yet, to be dispersed secondary winding, it can give 50, and up to 100 kV.
Q-factor of our great!
Once the contour has worked spark starts a rollback of current inductor.
The direct impact impulse is always smaller than the reverse.
And the reverse pulse passes through the spark gap.
Shunted, roughly speaking, the input circuit and decreases the output Q of the circuit.
The voltage output circuit is reduced.
Resonance strays, and output falls.
Although all the effects can be seen from the air gap.
Preferred vacuum the spark gap -, or filled with hydrogen.
You can put a spark gap in series with the diode.
Then the reverse current will not pass.
The diode must withstand a reverse voltage of 10-20 kV.
We ordered a hydrogen diode with consumed power of 120 watts.
Turn-on time 0.1 ms, off time is less than 1 ms.
We connect the current transformer 24 ohm from resistor.
The result was a pure current transformer on the load, and without any interference.
Let's see what we have done on the discharger.
Turn, look. The spark gap was lit in blue.
On oscillogram we see damped oscillations.
There must be only one oscillation, and the remaining excess.
The 5 extra vibrations shorting the secondary winding, and do not give it to operate normally.
Ideally, should be simply.
Clicking the inductor - capacitor recharges, but the current does not go back. (Stops at zero)
Voltage chart "U".
That such a process should be, but otherwise - buffeting vibration. (need a hydrogen diode)
It is made up of rings.
The primary winding - 2 layers included bifilyar, wound in one direction.
The secondary winding - 10 mm2, today we will redo it.
And the screen is made of foil.
The screen is made from ordinary Scotch tape
But screening turn should not be closed-loop.
Here is an aluminum scotch, and the secondary winding is practically no moss.
Now short the secondary winding, and enable the device.
Is a spark.
We check with a screwdriver, and practically nothing.
If you add an anti-static barrier, ie gasket between the primary and shield.
It should be made from a good insulator, such as PTFE.
It is possible and of the cellophane. It is like plexiglass, also a very good insulator.
I shorted outputs, so as not to clatter.
If you remove the jumper, the coil is bursting with no load like this.
(We hear a crash, and after 3 seconds it stops)
Sergey: We'll see what it was.
(Blue spark coil pierced)
That's it! The experiments completed.
Blown diode bridge.
Accident. Accidentally shorted to ground.
Well, that's all.
It is desirable, of course, have a good grounding.
The threshold device is a choke.
What can I say?
In principle, you can instead of a spark gap, use the module CISC, when what we were doing.
He's like the song, there is going to work.
Here, the steepness of the fronts is not necessary, because the inductance is large.
If the transformer iron, then the rate of charging of the capacitor
will be so great, for example, at 50 Hz., it just does not Feel.
That is, discharger remove.
in the scheme of Smith, with neon driver, there is instead a spark gap of a diode, and can diacs.
Even directly it works.
Then the impulses are often, but with smaller amplitude.
Naturally, the better, when we divide the frequency, ie for two of the primary pulse charges the capacitor of the secondary.
Then the amount of energy pulses are summed.
Here they are superimposed on one another, as water is poured into the barrel.
Of course, linear.
C=Q/U and U=Q/C
Capacity we have a constant, and the number of charges every time we are increasing.
Because the secondary coil at resonance gives increasing the amplitude of the pulses.
At 5 times more power, because in 5 times threw the charges in the condenser.
A square of the voltage - energy.
That is, 25 times the energy grows.
Lowering the frequency spark gap, say 10 times, will give an energy gain of 100.
Well, I'm telling you, here in the spark gap - I N T E R R U P T
Otherwise, the inductor will not be able to accelerate and pass into the condenser - the charges.
Well, everything! You can drink coffee, smoke and repairing the power supply.
Interviewer - I'd add, gentlemen! Make and try.
Do not listen to different scumbag and freaks. All of this works. Yes, of course, there is still much work will need to be done.
The final stage, and all that. Well, of course.
The main thing do not listen to idiots. Make!
Sergei: And these idiots have nothing.
Or a toad. Or a job. One of the two.
Journalist Yuri: Yeah. Either proplacheno, or too much shit in the shower.
That's all folks! I think we have satisfied your request.